Sedating a dog who is al pacino dating 2016
When sending home pre-hospital visit sedation with owners, it is important to do a trial of the sedation the event so owners have an idea of what to expect.It is very common that the dog appears much more sedate at home in comparison to the clinic and duration of sedation can be variable – up to 24 hours, which is normal and not harmful.The drug exists for veterinary use in two forms – oral and injectable – and while the oral formulation has historic use in managing at home anxieties (e.g.thunderstorms, fireworks, etc.), it can be unreliable in terms of desired sedative effect and onset/duration are often variable.The injectable form, however, administered oral transmucosally (OTM) offers very reliable moderate to marked sedation within 20-30 minutes.With this route of administration, the dose closely follows recommended intramuscular (IM) dosing (Table 1). It alleviates itching, and also has anti-emetic properties (prevents vomiting), making it ideal for animals that are being transported long distances.3. Diazepam is also a sedative which has muscle relaxant properties, appetite stimulating properties, and anti-convulsant properties, making it ideal for dogs with seizure and/or appetite problems4. Many experts on dog behavior recommend that a dog be exercised before travelling, or before being engaged in any activity that might get the dog restless and agitated.5. Do this by placing a few drops of lavender oil on your hands and massaging the dog at the back of its head, or the base of the spine.
A full physical exam should be completed before prescribing any of the recommended medications.
The combination of gabapentin and acepromazine is often very effective in the aggressive and/or fearful patient, allowing one to safely muzzle, place an E-collar, or administer additional IM sedation without causing large undue stress to the dog or hospital staff.
If additional at-home sedation is desired though, melatonin, and then trazodone can be considered.
Trazodone is classified as a serotonin receptor antagonist and reuptake inhibitor (SARI), Onset of action is approximately one hour and the dose range can be large for this medication (Table 1), but for the purposes of pre-hospital sedation, it is recommended to start at 5 mg/kg.
Melatonin, the naturally occurring hormone produced by the pineal gland, is available as a neutroceutical in dogs (
While melatonin has proven beneficial in the management of certain endocrine disorders, it is a helpful adjunct in canine stress disorders.