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The intervention improved teens’ perceptions of police, lawyers, teachers, and school nurses as helpful, but the intervention improved their likelihood of seeking help only with respect to lawyers.To explore student views of help-seeking behavior in greater depth, the research team conducted focus groups following the intervention.Researchers assessed the program’s immediate impact and longer-term impact (six months later) on student knowledge and judgments about dating violence, student propensity to seek help, and the level of victimization and dating violence experienced by students after the intervention.The evaluation found that the intervention had modest but significant effects in three areas: student knowledge, attitudes about female-on-male violence, and attitudes about seeking help (see the table).The study evaluated “Ending Violence,” a three-class-session prevention program.
A total of 2,540 students from ten schools and 110 classes participated.
Specifically, A striking finding emerged from baseline surveys: Although students viewed various institutional sources of support as helpful, they would be far more likely to turn to informal sources, such as friends, parents, or family members, for help should they ever experience dating violence.
Each student was asked to rate how helpful a particular source would be in addressing dating violence, and then was asked how likely he or she would be to talk to such a source for help.
Jaycox LH, Mc Caffrey D, Eiseman E, Aronoff J, Shelley GA, Collins RL, and Marshall GN, “Impact of a School-Based Dating Violence Prevention Program Among Latino Teens: A Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial,” , Vol. Ocampo BW, Shelley G, and Jaycox LH, “Latino Teens Talk About Help-Seeking and Help-Giving in Relation to Dating Violence,” , Atlanta, Ga.: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, in press.
Jaycox LH, Mc Caffrey DF, Ocampo BW, Shelley GA, Blake SM, Peterson DJ, Richmond LS, and Kub JE, “Challenges in the Evaluation and Implementation of School-Based Prevention and Intervention Programs on Sensitive Topics,” This publication was supported by a cooperative agreement from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC: US4/CCU918991).
Intervention programs can educate teens about the importance of intervening when they witness an incident of violence or abuse among their friends and the best methods of doing so.